Miscellaneous HTML 4 HTML 5

Resources Character Entities

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This page lists a variety of especially useful character entities:

See also: HTML 4 Character Entities and HTML 5 Character Entities.

Ampersands 

Here are various ampersands:

Entities Numeric Character References Number
&  & &  & Ampersand
 ﹠ ﹠  ﹠ Small ampersand
 & &  & Full width ampersand
 ⅋ ⅋  ⅋ Turned ampersand
 🙰 🙰  🙰 Script ampersand ornament
 🙱 🙱  🙱 Heavy script ampersand ornament
 🙲 🙲  🙲 Ligature open ampersand ornament
 🙳 🙳  🙳 Heavy ligature open ampersand ornament
 🙴 🙴  🙴 Heavy ampersand ornament
 🙵 🙵  🙵 Swash ampersand ornament

Note: page Fonts Font Ampersands lists these ampersands in a large variety of fonts.

Bullets 

Here are various bullets:

Entities Numeric Character References Number
•  • •  • bullet (see also w3schools)
 ‣  ‣ triangular bullet
 ⁃  ⁃ dash bullet
 ⁌  ⁌ left bullet
 ⁍  ⁍ right bullet
 ◘  ◘ inverse bullet
 ◦  ◦ white bullet
 ⦾  ⦾ white point bullet
 ⦿  ⦿ black point bullet
 ★  ★ black star (solid star)
 ⭑  ⭑ black star, small (solid star)
 🟉  🟉 black star, light (solid star)
 🟊  🟊 black star, heavy (solid star)
 ☆  ☆ white star (outline of star)
 ⭒  ⭒ white star, small (outline of star)
 ✰  ✰ white star, shadowed (outline of star)
 ✪  ✪ black star, circled
 ✫  ✫ black star, open center
 ✬  ✬ white star, black center
 ✭  ✭ black star, outlined
 ✮  ✮ black star, heavily outlined
 🟀  🟀 black star, 3-pointed, light
 🟂  🟂 black star, 3-pointed, heavy
 ✦  ✦ black star, 4-pointed
 🟄  🟄 black star, 4-pointed, light
 🟆  🟆 black star, 4-pointed, heavy
 ✶  ✶ black star, 6-pointed
 ✴  ✴ black star, 8-pointed
 ✹  ✹ black star, 12-pointed
 ✢  ✢ asterisk, 4-spoked
 ✤  ✤ asterisk, 4-spoked, heavy
 ✱  ✱ asterisk, 6-spoked, heavy
 ✽  ✽ asterisk, 6-spoked, heavy, teardrop spoked
 ❊  ❊ asterisk, 8-spoked
 ❋  ❋ asterisk, 8-spoked, heavy
 ✺  ✺ asterisk, 16-spoked
 ⯨  ⯨ left half black star
 ⯩  ⯩ right half black star
 ⯪  ⯪ star with left half black
 ⯫  ⯫ star with right half black
 ●  ● solid circle
 ○  ○ open circle

Roman Numerals

Here are characters for the various roman numerals. NB​: take great care in using these numeric character entities, since some fonts contain the wrong glyphs.

Entities Numeric Character References Number
 Ⅰ  Ⅰ 1
 ⅰ  ⅰ 
 Ⅱ  Ⅱ 2
 ⅱ  ⅱ 
 Ⅲ  Ⅲ 3
 ⅲ  ⅲ 
 Ⅳ  Ⅳ 4
 ⅳ  ⅳ 
 Ⅴ  Ⅴ 5
 ⅴ  ⅴ 
 Ⅵ  Ⅵ 6
 ⅵ  ⅵ 
 Ⅶ  Ⅶ 7
 ⅶ  ⅶ 
 Ⅷ  Ⅷ 8
 ⅷ  ⅷ 
 Ⅸ  Ⅸ 9
 ⅸ  ⅸ 
 Ⅹ  Ⅹ 10
 ⅹ  ⅹ 
 Ⅺ  Ⅺ 11
 ⅺ  ⅺ 
 Ⅻ  Ⅻ 12
 ⅻ  ⅻ 
 Ⅼ  Ⅼ 50
 ⅼ  ⅼ 
 Ⅽ  Ⅽ 100
 ⅽ  ⅽ 
 Ⅾ  Ⅾ 500
 ⅾ  ⅾ 
 Ⅿ  Ⅿ 1,000
 ⅿ  ⅿ 

Greek Alphabet 

Here is a greek alphabet:

Uppercase
Numeric Character References
Uppercase
Numeric Character References
Descriptions
Α  Α α  α Alpha
Β  Β β  β Beta
Γ  Γ γ  γ Gamma
Δ  Δ δ  δ Delta
Ε  Ε ε  ε Elipson
Ζ  Ζ ζ  ζ Zeta
Η  Η η  η Eta
Θ  Θ θ  θ Theta
Ι  Ι ι  ι Iota
Κ  Κ κ  κ Kappa
Λ  Λ λ  λ Lambda
Μ  Μ μ  μ Mu
Ν  Ν ν  ν Nu
Ξ  Ξ ξ  ξ Xi
Ο  Ο ο  ο Omicron
Π  Π π  π Pi
Ρ  Ρ ρ  ρ Rho
 ς  ς Sigma (terminal)
Σ  Σ σ  σ Sigma
Τ  Τ τ  τ Tau
Υ  Υ υ  υ Upsilon
Φ  Φ φ  φ Phi
Χ  Χ χ  χ Chi
Ψ  Ψ ψ  ψ Psi
Ω  Ω ω  ω Omega

Superscript Characters

Here are some superscript characters:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 ⁰  ⁰ superscript 0
 ⁱ  ⁱ superscript 1
²  ² ²  ² superscript two = superscript digit two = squared
³  ³ ³  ³ superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed
 ⁴  ⁴ superscript 4
 ⁵  ⁵ superscript 5
 ⁶  ⁶ superscript 6
 ⁷  ⁷ superscript 7
 ⁸  ⁸ superscript 8
 ⁹  ⁹ superscript 9
 ⁺  ⁺ superscript +
 ⁻  ⁻ superscript -
 ⁼  ⁼ superscript =
 ⁽  ⁽ superscript (
 ⁾  ⁾ superscript )
 ᵃ  ᵃ superscript a
 ᵇ  ᵇ superscript b
 ᶜ  ᶜ superscript c
 ᵈ  ᵈ superscript d
 ᵉ  ᵉ superscript e
 ᶠ  ᶠ superscript f
 ᶢ  ᶢ superscript g
 ᵏ  ᵏ superscript k
 ᵐ  ᵐ superscript m
 ⁿ  ⁿ superscript n
 ᵒ  ᵒ superscript o
 ᵖ  ᵖ superscript p
 ᵗ  ᵗ superscript t
 ᵘ  ᵘ superscript u
 ᵛ  ᵛ superscript v
 ᶻ  ᶻ superscript z

Subscript Characters

Here are some subscript characters:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 ₀  ₀ subscript 0
 ₁  ₁ subscript 1
 ₂  ₂ subscript 2
 ₃  ₃ subscript 3
 ₄  ₄ subscript 4
 ₅  ₅ subscript 5
 ₆  ₆ subscript 6
 ₇  ₇ subscript 7
 ₈  ₈ subscript 8
 ₉  ₉ subscript 9
 ₊  ₊ subscript +
 ₋  ₋ subscript -
 ₌  ₌ subscript =
 ₍  ₍ subscript (
 ₎  ₎ subscript )
 ₏  ₏ subscript n

Digits 

Here are some digits:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 ❶  ❶ dingbat negative circled digit 1
 ❷  ❷ dingbat negative circled digit 2
 ❸  ❸ dingbat negative circled digit 3
 ❹  ❹ dingbat negative circled digit 4
 ❺  ❺ dingbat negative circled digit 5
 ❻  ❻ dingbat negative circled digit 6
 ❼  ❼ dingbat negative circled digit 7
 ❽  ❽ dingbat negative circled digit 8
 ❾  ❾ dingbat negative circled digit 9
 ❿  ❿ dingbat negative circled digit 10
 ➀  ➀ dingbat negative circled digit 1
 ➁  ➁ dingbat negative circled digit 2
 ➂  ➂ dingbat negative circled digit 3
 ➃  ➃ dingbat negative circled digit 4
 ➄  ➄ dingbat negative circled digit 5
 ➅  ➅ dingbat negative circled digit 6
 ➆  ➆ dingbat negative circled digit 7
 ➇  ➇ dingbat negative circled digit 8
 ➈  ➈ dingbat negative circled digit 9
 ➉  ➉ dingbat negative circled digit 10
 ➊  ➊ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 1
 ➋  ➋ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 2
 ➌  ➌ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 3
 ➍  ➍ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 4
 ➎  ➎ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 5
 ➏  ➏ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 6
 ➐  ➐ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 7
 ➑  ➑ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 8
 ➒  ➒ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 9
 ➓  ➓ dingbat negative circled sans-serif digit 10

Ligatures 

Here are common ligatures:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
Æ  Æ Æ  Æ latin capital Æ = latin capital ligature Æ
æ  æ æ  æ latin small æ = latin small ligature æ
Œ  Œ Œ  Œ latin capital ligature Œ
œ  œ œ  œ latin small ligature œ
 IJ  IJ latin capital ligature ij
 ij  ij latin small ligature ij
ff  ff ff ff  ff LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FF
fi  fi fi fi  fi LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FI
fl  fl fl fl  fl LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FL
ffi  ffi ffi ffi  ffi LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FFI
ffl  ffl ffl ffl  ffl LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FFL
 ſt ſt  ſt LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FT
 st st  st LATIN SMALL LIGATURE ST

Fractions 

Here are fractions:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
⅛⅛  ⅛ 1/8
⅙⅙  ⅙ 1/6
⅕⅕  ⅕ 1/5
¼  ¼ ¼  ¼ 1/4
⅓⅓  ⅓ 1/3
⅜⅜  ⅜ 3/8
⅖⅖  ⅖ 2/5
½  ½ ½  ½ 1/2
⅗⅗  ⅗ 3/5
⅝⅝  ⅝ 5/8
⅔⅔  ⅔ 2/3
¾  ¾ ¾  ¾ 3/4
⅘⅘  ⅘ 4/5
⅚⅚  ⅚ 5/6
⅞⅞  ⅞ 7/8

Math 

Here are some math entities:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 +  + Plus
 −  − Minus
××  × Times, or Multiplied by
 ⋅  ⋅ Times, or Multiplied by, or Dot operator
÷÷  ÷ Divided by
 =  = Equals
 ≡  ≡ Is identical to
 ≠  ≠ Not equals
 ≈  ≈ Approximately, or approximately equals
 ≉  ≉ Not approximately, or not approximately equals
&lt;&#x003c;  < Less than
 &#x2264;  ≤ Less than or equal to
&gt;&#x003e;  > Greater than
 &#x2265;  ≥ Greater than or equal to
&radic;&#x221a;  √ Square root
 &#x221b;  ∛ Cube root
 &#x221c;  ∜ Fourth root
 &#x2107;  ℇ Euler’s constant ~2.71828
&pi;&#x03c0;  π Pi (circle’s circumference/diameter) ~3.14159
&phi;&#x03c6;  φ Golden ratio ((1+√5)/2) ~1.618034
&Phi;&#x03d5;  ϕ Inverse of golden ratio (1/φ) ~0.618034
&empty;&#x2205;  ∅ Null, or empty set

See also: Mathematical operators and symbols in Unicode

See also: Superscripts

See also: Subscripts

Punctuation 

Here are useful punctuation characters:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
&lsaquo;  ‹ &#139;  ‹ left single quote (french)
&rsaquo;  › &#155;  › right single quote (french)
&laquo;  « &#171;  « left double quote (french)
&raquo;  » &#187;  » right double quote (french)
 &#8252;  ‼ double exclamation mark
 &#8253;  ‽ interrobang
 &#8263;  ⁇ double question mark
 &#8264;  ⁈ question exclamation mark
 &#8265;  ⁉ exclamation question mark
 &#11822;  ⸮ irony mark
 &#10067;  ❓ ornamental question mark
 &#10071;  ❗ ornamental exclamation mark
 &#10082;  ❢ ornamental heavy exclamation mark
&lsquo;  ‘ &#8216;  ‘ left single quote mark
 &#10075;  ❛ left single ornamental quote mark
&rsquo;  ’ &#8217;  ’ right single quote mark
 &#10076;  ❜ right single ornamental quote mark
&ldquo;  “ &#8220;  “ left double quote mark
 &#10077;  ❝ left double ornamental quote mark
&rdquo;  ” &#8221;  ” right double quote mark
 &#10078;  ❞ right double ornamental quote mark
 &#10079;  ❟ ornamental comma
&hellip;  … &#8230;  … horizontal ellipsis
&sect;  § &#167;  § silcrow (section mark)
&para;  ¶ &#182;  ¶ pilcrow (paragraph mark)

Spaces 

Here are various space characters:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 &#x2000;    En quad
 &#x2001;    Em quad
&nbsp;    &#160;    no-break space = non-breaking space
&ensp;    &#8194;    en space
&emsp;    &#8195;    em space
 &#8196;    1/3 em space
 &#8197;    1/4 em space
 &#8198;    1/6 em space
 &#8199;    figure space (width of digit)
 &#8239;    narrow non-breaking space
&thinsp;    &#8201;    thin space
 &#8202;    hair space
 &#8203;  ​ zero width space
 &#8287;    mathematical space
 &#65279;   zero width non-breaking space

Other Useful Characters

Here are more useful characters:

Entities Numeric Character References Descriptions
 &#x29c9;  ⧉ double squares (may be used to indicate external links)
 &#1f517;  🔗 link (may be used to indicate links)
&middot;  · &#183;  · Middle dot, Decimal
&deg;  ° &#176;  ° Degree
&prime;  ′ &#8242;  ′ Prime, Foot, Minute
&Prime;  ″ &#8243;  ″ Double Prime, Inch, Second
&shy;  ­ &#173;  ­ soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen
 &#x2011;  ‑ non-breaking hyphen
 &#8209;  ‑ non-breaking hyphen
 &#8208;  ‐ hyphen
 &#8275;  ⁓ swung dash (wide ~tilde)
&ndash;  – &#8211;  – en dash
&mdash;  — &#8212;  — em dash
 &#11834;  ⸺ 2 em dash
 &#11835;  ⸻ 3 em dash
 &#12316;  〜 wave dash
 &#12336;  〰 wavy dash
 &#8776;  ≈ about equals
 &#8771;  ≃ about equals or asymptopic to
 &#8773;  ≅ about equals or congruant to
 &#8764;  ∼ about equals, proportional to, similar to, or probablistic to
&lsquo;  ‘ &#8216;  ‘ left single quote mark
&rsquo;  ’ &#8217;  ’ right single quote mark
&ldquo;  “ &#8220;  “ left double quote mark
&rdquo;  ” &#8221;  ” right double quote mark
 &#8253;  ‽ interrobang
 &#11822;  ⸮ irony mark
 &#x1f672;  🙲 ornamental ampersand
 &#x1f673;  🙳 ornamental ampersand
 &#x1f674;  🙴 ornamental ampersand
 &#x1f675;  🙵 ornamental ampersand
 &#10067;  ❓ ornamental question mark
 &#10071;  ❗ ornamental exclamation mark
 &#10082;  ❢ ornamental heavy exclamation mark
 &#10075;  ❛ left single ornamental quote mark
 &#10076;  ❜ right single ornamental quote mark
 &#10077;  ❝ left double ornamental quote mark
 &#10078;  ❞ right double ornamental quote mark
 &#10079;  ❟ ornamental comma
&hellip;  … &#8230;  … horizontal ellipsis

 

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